All materials submitted for publication must be original, unpublished work and are NOT under consideration for publication elsewhere.

Papers/manuscripts must be submitted through an online system. Authors are required to propose two (2) potential reviewers respected in their fields for each submitted article. The name, academic position, name of the institution and email address of the potential reviewer should be provided at the end of the article.

Since 18th July 2023, we have moved to a new online submission system; the author (contributor) should "register" as a user and "log in" through

For submissions before 18th July 2023, your article will be processed using the old journal system through

Editors reserve the right to edit/comment on the content of the manuscript. If the editors recommend major or substantial amendments, the authors can accept or reject the recommendations (and withdraw participation).



Authors to download the template


The manuscript must be submitted in British English.


An Original research paper should be between 5000 and 6000 words.

A review paper should be no more than 7000 words.

Title Page

Refer to the template.

Abstract and Keywords

Refer to the template.


Refer to the template.


Refer to the template.


Refer to the template.


Refer to the template.


Authors should obtain permission to publish illustrations/images/figures copyrighted by others before submission and acknowledgements should be included in the captions.



  1. Submission of a manuscript by contributor/author through the online system.
  2. The Chief Editor makes a prescreening and the Managing Editor assigns a Section Editor/Associate Section Editor for the manuscript or rejects the manuscript.
  3. The Section Editor assigns two (2) reviewers for the manuscript for reviewing purposes.
  4. All reviews are double-blind reviewing. 
  5. The Section Editor receives comments from reviewers and advises on corrections and resubmissions. 
  6. The author repairs and resubmits the manuscript. 
  7. The Chief Editor/Managing Editor makes a decision on the manuscript. 
  8. If accepted, the Copy Editor and Associate Copy Editor do the final formatting and editing.
  9. The Managing Editor publishes the manuscript.
  10. All processes should be completed within 2 months.



Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

The Article will be made Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) License which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the Article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial, and no modifications or adaptions are made.